From soil to cell : a broad approach to plant life : Title, preface, content

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From soil to cell – a broad approach to plant life

Edited by L. Bender and A. Kumar

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Dedicated to

Prof. Dr. Karl-Hermann Neumann

at the occassion of his retirement

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Editors:

Prof. Dr. Ludwig Bender, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Horticulture, University of Applied Sciences Osnabrück, Oldenburger Landstrasse 24,

D - 49090 Osnabrück; e-mail:mailto:l.bender@fh-osnabrueck.de

Prof. Dr. Ashwani Kumar, Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India; e-mail: msku4@hotmail.com

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Preface

In the early 70th Professor Neumann had established a plant cell and tissue culture laboratory at the Institute of Plant Nutrition of the Justus Liebig-University Giessen, Germany and brought forward the idea to study plant developmental and nutritional phenomena involved in growth and yield formation by employing cell and tissue culture techniques, which was a novel approach for research in plant nutritional at that time.

Professor Neumann's thinking was certainly inspired by his academic mentors H. Linser from Giessen who pursued the concept of System and Product Growth in plant development and yield formation, and F. C. Steward, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, who was among the first to employ plant cell and tissue culture techniques for studying hormonal and metabolic regulation of cell differentiation and plant development.

Consequently, over the next few decades, Professor Neumann and his team have been working on plant cell differentiation and growth regulation at the molecular, genomic, cytological and

morphological levels. In vitro and in vivo studies were carried out on the effect of hormonal, nutritional and physical factors influencing the formation of organs and somatic embryos, DNA amplification and gene expression. The development of chloroplasts and the function of the photosynthetic system in cultured cells as well as the production of secondary metabolites by fermenter grown cell cultures were also some of the aspects he and his team examined. Above all there was the ever intriguing question as to how development and yield formation in higher plants is brought about. In recent years he could witness some of his early ideas of employing molecular methodologies in studies on plant nutrition coming to fruition [see Arnholdt-Schmitt (1996): Basic Strategies of Molecular Biological Research in Plant Nutrition - a Review. J. Plant Nutrition and Soil Sciences 159, 317-326] .

Besides the work related to cell biology, soil oriented studies were the other major topic for Professor Neumann and some of his team. For at least two decades, he was involved in research on soil physics and chemistry as influenced by irrigation and salinity conducted in Germany (the so called "Ried Project"), Egypt and India. It is certainly for that reason that the present volume honoring his scientific work is entiteled "From Soil to Cell - a Broad Approach to Plant Life", and that it covers topics ranging from soil-plant interrelations through plant cell and tissue culture techniques to biochemical and molecular genetic aspects.

Furthermore, what made working with Karl-Hermann Neumann and in his team a most rewarding and memorable experience for his students and collaborators was not only his scientific focus and insight, but also his personality - hard working at the research and fund acquisition front to keep us all going, yet always friendly and fair with more than one open ear for academic or personal matters at any time. We are all deeply indebted to him.

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Content

Author Title / Download (pdf-Format) Address

Amit Kotia and Ashwani Kumar

Biodiversity of the Indian Desert and it's Value

Biotechnology Lab, Department of Botany University of Rajasthan, Jaipur - 302004 INDIA

Ashwani Kumar Bioengineering of Crops for Biofuels

and Bioenergy

Energy Plantation Demonstration Project Center and Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan,

Jaipur, 302004. India.

Sayed S. Eisa and Safwat H. Ali

Biochemical, Physiological and Morphological Responses of Sugar Beet to Salinization

Departments of Agricultural Botany and Biochemistry

Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Sigrid Dieckmann, Olaf Melzer and Ludwig Bender

Availability of Heavy Metals in Soils and their Uptake by Vegetable Species

Fachhochschule Osnabrück - University of Applied Sciences,

Department of Agricultural Sciences, Oldenburger Landstraße 24,

D-49090 Osnabrück Angelika

Schäfer-Menuhr Preservation of Old Potato Varieties

Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft (FAL), Bundesallee 50,

38116 Braunschweig, Germany. Sant S. Bhojwani,

Himani Pande and Anupam Raina

Factors Affecting Androgenesis in Indica Rice

Department of Botany, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India

Rafael Zárate (a) and Michael M. Yeoman (b)

Application of Recombinant DNA Technology to Studies on Plant Secondary Metabolism

(a) Instituto Universitario de Bio-Orgánica A. González, Universidad de La Laguna, Avda. Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez 2, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain.

(b) Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology, Centre for Plant Science, The University of Edinburgh, Mayfield Road, EH9 3JH, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.

Abraham D. Krikorian

Novel Applications of Plant Tissue Culture and Conventional Breeding Techniques to Space Biology Research

Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology State University of New York at Stony Brook Stony Brook, New York 11794-5215 U.S.A.

Ashwani Kumar

Ayurverdic Medicines: Some potential Plants for Medicine from India

Energy Plantation Demonstration project and Biotechnology Center,

Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur,

302004 (Rajasthan) India. Elena Asafova, Olga

Timofeeva, Olga Olinevich and Ludmilla Khokhlova

The Influence of Calcium and Low Temperatures on Oryzaline-induced Reactions of Wheat Roots

-Physiological and Biochemical Aspects

State University of Kasan, Faculty of Biology, Department of Plant Physiology and

Biotechnology

Ulrich Groß Rubisco; easy Purification and

Immunochemical Determination

Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Institute of Plant Nutrition, Department of Tissue Culture, Südanlage 6, D-35390 Giessen

Birgit Arnold-Schmitt Genomic Instabilities in Tissue

Culture - a Physiological Normality?

Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular,

Universida de Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil

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